A comprehensive solution to Management Consultancy, Accounts Outsourcing, and Taxation
BRIEF HISTORY AND EXPREINCE OF THE COMPANY
Premium Advisory & Tax Services (PATS) Pvt. Ltd. is a Pakistan based management consulting registered company with main head office located in the capital Islamabad. PATS is subsidiary of Premium group of companies (Pvt.) Ltd. (PGC). The corporate experience of PATS covers all four provinces of Pakistan, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), Northern Areas (NAs) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). PATS achieved its corporate status in start of 2015 and become part of PGC since inception.
Corporate strengths and material assets include permanent and self owned head office facility in Islamabad; a considerable asset base that includes a sizeable vehicle fleet; large IT infrastructure to support the company’s networking; and access to good standing credit with local/international banks. However our largest asset remains our core staff; our very strong network of partners and associates across Pakistan; and a widely held reputation for adherence to “professional integrity”, “Quality” and “excellence”. Our repeat contracts with clients are an indicator of the company’s overall capacities and performance.
The Company is delivering value added prompt professional services to their valued clientele with strong professional team lead by its Board of Directors and professional staff.
During the short period PATS has made its presence felt in the market and has built strong reputation as providers of premium quality advisory and services while upholding highest level of integrity, Ethical & Moral Standards. The list of our clients to whom we provide professional services include Financial Institutions, Non Banking Financial Institutions, State owned Corporations, public listed companies and private limited companies.
In terms of corporate infrastructure PATS relies on well established policies and related standard operating procedures (SOPs) that have been tested, audited and further developed as a result of our extensive engagement with numerous clients. Company policy manuals are documented while SOPs for all major areas of operations are available and upgraded on a periodic basis. As part of statutory regulatory/legal requirement, the company’s financial records are independently audited through ICAP registered chartered accountancy firms on an annual basis; while
A robust system for internal quality assurance (QA) further ensures that the company adheres to the highest industry standards for project management; administration; procurements, accounting and book keeping; internal audits; recruitments/appraisals; gender polices; sub-contract management and generally best practices for corporate governance.
Specialty of PATS professional services are broadly categorized as follows:
- Public Procurement Advisory (as applicable under PPRA)
- Comprehensive International Tax Advisory
- Company Registration & Secretarial Practices
- Business Processes and Restructuring
- Business Financial Management Advisory
- Social Sector Advisory ( Donors)
- IT based stock management system
- Internal audit
- Conducting state of the art surveys
- Monitoring and Evaluation.
The company ensures firm commitment to deliver the results on timely basis with no compromise on quality, which has help PATS earn goodwill in the market.
Operating within stringent regulatory regime coping up with shifting market demand and industry consolidation, sustaining continuing pressure for better returns and more transparency, & exploring new opportunities in the markets are key challenges today’s business is faced with to succeed. One must seize the opportunities while also managing the risks.
You need to move quickly, but you also need long-term strategies to help ensure your business can cope with the demands placed on it today and tomorrow.
PATS’s business consulting practices:
- Take an objective, long-term view.
- Deploy professional resources that bring global knowledge to local issues.
- Have an integrated approach to client service with teams of experienced professionals with a breadth of specific technical and industry sector skills.
PATS provide advice and assistance to companies, corporations and other concerns. Our services help our clients to respond to immediate needs as well as to put in place the strategies for the longer term.
Business consulting includes the following:
- Business Recovery Services
- Dispute Analysis & Investigations
- Commercial & Market Due Diligence
- Modeling And Business Planning
- Information Technology Consulting
- Enterprise Risk Management
- Human Capital
- Aid to Industry
- Third Party Assurance
The salient features of each service are described below:
Business Recovery Services
A tough economic climate, rapid market changes, new competitors, disruptive technologies, strategic errors — any or all of these can plunge a company into serious financial distress. Left unaddressed, they may threaten corporate survival. Whether these factors occur in isolation or converge, they typically trigger a host of problems, including underperformance, declining earnings, and liquidity and cash-flow blockages. Companies often exhibit symptoms of distress well before a crisis erupts. In many cases, a downward spiral is not inevitable. It can be arrested and reversed. Early detection and swift, decisive action are the keys to restoring performance and value. That’s why timely, professional advice is critical.
- Independent business reviews
When a company is underperforming, is in distress, or is in crisis, our first step is to undertake a tailored, objective assessment of the situation and resources. Our rapid and rigorous review process scrutinizes financial performance, operating dynamics, asset deployment, and management issues and then identifies a range of options.
- Non-Performing Loan Sales & Analysis
We advise banks and other financial institutions on the disposal or purchase of non-performing loans. Our services include conducting financial due diligence and portfolio reviews, preparing information memoranda on asset valuations and disposal options, identifying potential investors, and facilitating sale negotiations and deal completion.
When an existing corporate structure no longer meets a business’ objectives, we will work with you to identify surplus entities, release capital, reduce operating costs, and achieve a leaner, more transparent corporate structure. Our tailored approach addresses critical issues, minimizes risk, and helps ensure a smooth transition to a streamlined operating model.
Restructuring / Turnaround
For underperforming companies, we deliver restructuring solutions designed to build a platform for swift recovery and sustained future success. We thoroughly assess all revitalization options; develop a plan of action in partnership with management, creditors and other stakeholders; and mobilize the resources required for effective implementation.
To help spearhead the recovery process, we can introduce one of our highly experienced and credentialed turnaround directors. Their proven knowledge is vital in restoring shareholder confidence and creating a stable platform for the future. Whilst these individuals have the resources of PATS at their disposal, they remain independent “hands on” executives providing leadership in the business rescue process.
Our team help underperforming businesses plan and implement recovery strategies quickly and efficiently. This may involve moving forward on several fronts — crisis intervention, stabilisation and stakeholder communication; generating quick wins and reducing working capital; designing and implementing a value-recovery plan.
When external and/or internal pressures dictate withdrawal from a industry, company, market or brand, JSA can assist in optimising value by helping you design and execute a controlled exit plan — sell, fix and sell, wind-down.
- Distressed Mergers & Acquisitions
For business stakeholders experiencing pressure on profitability, cash flow and/or the balance sheet, we maximise value through the sale of shares or business and assets in a tight timeframe using a combination of corporate finance, restructuring, insolvency and tax skills/techniques.
Public Procurement (Under PPRA Rules)
Public procurement constitutes nearly over 2/3rd of the annual expenditure at government and associates level. The magnitude of this spending demands solid knowledge and experience, understanding, applying and monitoring the procurement procedure under the applicable best practices and law of the land. We provided seasoned professionals who not only hold solid knowledge about the subject but also bring to the table extensive successful hands on experience with public as well as private procurement.
Our publication on this topic and the admiration of the different stakeholders is a testimony of our success. We also provide updated books and article on this matter alongside conducting seminars and workshop on this topic for our clients.
- Executory / Corporate Insolvency
Subject to local legislation, we may assume the role of Receiver, Administrator or Liquidator, or we may act as advisor to parties involved in voluntary arrangements, administrations, receiverships, and compulsory or voluntary liquidations.
For creditors and individuals concerned with personal insolvency issues, PATS provides innovative and practical solutions. Whether acting as a Trustee in Bankruptcy or developing an individual Voluntary Arrangement, our sensitive approach, specialist experience and leading edge methods enable creditors to maximise recoveries while helping individuals avoid a potentially disastrous slide into bankruptcy.
Dispute Analysis & Investigations
As the pace of business intensifies and globalisation grows, the possibility of disputes and other difficulties arise more frequently. And when rules are broken- unintentionally or otherwise – organisations are exposed to risks and problems that they are often not used to dealing with, from fraud and abuse to errors and differences in understanding. Whether these challenges involve dealing across borders with customers, joint venture partners, and foreign governments, or whether they are localised to your own country, they may involve different business cultures and legal systems, as well as unfamiliar regulatory and accountability requirements. Every organisation is vulnerable. The risk is real and worrisome.
We provide financial services to both lawyers and corporate clients who are involved in litigation, arbitration, and other alternative dispute resolution forums. Whatever the situation, from breach of contract or warranty to income losses from torts, we can provide seasoned experts to help.
- Forensic accounting and analysis
Companies often face a variety of challenges in implementing their strategic visions, executing or defending their business models or unlocking the latent value and potential of information. We can provide a clear evaluation of the problem or opportunity, options for approaching them and action plans to achieve the optimal outcome. We assist clients in protecting and maximising the value of their intellectual property by examining compliance with licensing agreements.
Dealing with suspicions of white-collar crime requires much more than simple know-how. It requires speed, sensitivity and discretion. It also requires an in-depth knowledge of the legal and regulatory frameworks in each jurisdiction. We understand the importance of reacting quickly and confidentially to a crisis situation. We appreciate the need to stop illegal activity, safeguard your company’s assets and reputation, prevent recurrences, and arrive at a resolution – with as little disruption as possible to the regular flow of business. Areas of specialism include:
- Anti-money laundering
- Asset misappropriation
- Corruption & bribery
- Financial misrepresentation
- SECP & regulatory investigations
Commercial & Market Due Diligence
Any business seeking to make an acquisition needs to understand not only the specific performance of the intended target, but how this relates to projected market conditions and its competition within a specific industry.
- Making an acquisition means considering not only the merits of an individual business, but also the context in which the business operates. Without understanding the unique qualities of the sector a business is in, it is impossible to arrive at a realistic valuation.
- A whole range of factors can influence the competitive state of a market. These include technology, customers, legislation, powerful buyers and the emergence of new geographic markets. Each of these needs to be considered for the impact that they might exert on the future value of an acquisition.
- A potential acquisition may be projecting very high earnings. These need to be validated against data from the market to test their reliability. Equally, earnings projections may be based on the development of new products or markets. These assumptions also need to be assessed against the broader general market.
Our understanding of specific markets allows us to assess assumptions and projections and provide efficient, cost-effective services in a timely manner.
Modeling & Business Planning
Businesses entering a new market or developing a new product or service must consider a wide range of complex factors. Not least of these are the economic assumptions underpinning a strategy.
- A complex range of economic factors need to be analysed before the launch of a new business venture. Competitors and customers, sources of revenue and the likely position of the competition authorities are just some of the most prominent considerations.
- Addressing a new market means building an understanding of the many different strands that influence the relative strength and weaknesses of an economy. Macro-economic considerations need to be taken into account alongside specific and detailed analysis of the potential market for a particular product or service.
- Building the models to support a new business strategy draws on a range of complementary skills and knowledge. Advanced models and quantitative analyses need to be constructed alongside specific and in-depth industry knowledge if they are to provide market insight.
PATS support business planning combine advanced resources with commercial awareness based on in-depth direct experience of specific industry sectors. Our dedicated professionals also understand the commercial imperatives that drive business success.
Information Technology Consulting
Technology enables rapid global business growth and advancement. It is also a major source of business risk.
Boards and senior executives recognize the importance of technology, but can struggle to understand and manage it effectively. Often, business executives and IT professionals don’t speak the same language. This communications gap can lead to misunderstandings and misaligned expectations and outcomes.
PATS IT Advisory help in bridging the communications gap with a combination of technical skills and business experience.
Our services lines include:
- Information Systems (IS) Governance
- Value and Performance from IT
- IT Project Risk (ERP)
- Technology Risk
Enterprise Risk Management
Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is the corporate-wide application of risk management to improve the performance of an organization’s business. Understanding risk and making informed decisions in response to uncertainty is fundamental when seeking to build a robust and deliverable business strategy.
ERM is more than crisis management or regulatory compliance. It is a tangible and structured approach to addressing organizational and financial risk. ERM, ultimately, works toward enhancing shareholder value and competitive advantage.
PATS can help
- Reduced governance risk – improved risk measurement and reporting can help boards and senior executives satisfy legal and fiduciary responsibilities.
- Increased risk awareness and improved reporting – with or without new fiduciary, legal and regulatory requirements, company stakeholders are likely to express higher confidence in companies that clearly articulate risk exposures and relevant mitigating capabilities.
- Risk mitigation savings – significant savings can result from centralizing processes and reducing nonessential hedging practices. Through ERM, companies are better positioned to independently evaluate risks and to adjust hedging activity and insurance coverage, commensurate with tangible risk measurement results.
- Operating savings – companies can achieve significant cost savings through ERM-driven activities – namely in the areas of risk, functional and staff consolidation and improved process efficiencies. Consolidation areas include corporate governance, business unit market and credit management, and insurance functions.
- Lower cost of capital – increased earnings stability and lower financial risk can translate into better bond ratings and lower short-term and long-term interest rates.
- Improved controls – through improved risk measurement data, companies are better equipped to identify high-risk processes and to allocate resources and controls accordingly. In many cases, companies improve controls without incremental costs as risk measurement results often highlight over-controlled risks based on lower than expected exposure results. Companies can also benefit as disparate and independent risk functions operate under common leadership and policies thereby reducing inconsistent practices and process “off-hand” risks.
- Improved capital efficiency – while difficult to measure, companies can gain shareholder value through improved risk awareness and risk-based external communications – ultimately driving improved investor perception regarding management’s ability to identify critical business risks, mitigate unnecessary losses and protect shareholder capital.
Human Capital Consulting
People and performance issues are common concerns for organizations in every industry. Typically, these issues arise from your people strategies being out of step with your business strategy. You may be expanding globally through acquisition or internal growth, restructuring entire divisions, attempting to standardize processes with new technologies or outsourcing human resources (HR) services to cut costs. Any of these changes can bring about a misalignment between your people and business strategies.
This misalignment is a common problem that our HCC practice is uniquely adept at solving. We specialize in providing innovative, integrated and practical solutions to align your organization’s people and business strategies. Our team drives your business performance by helping you maximize the potential of your people. We can help them develop and grow. We can help your organization to manage change initiatives, increase the effectiveness of your HR service delivery, provide learning and leadership services and improve talent management.
We advise clients on how to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of their Human Resources (HR) service delivery, ranging from process design to self-service applications, and considering insourcing, outsourcing and offshoring solutions.
Our services include (Recruitment)
HR service delivery
- Strategy, design, development and implementation;
- Shared services;
- Outsourcing advisory services.
HR operations and process
- HR functional assessment;
- Business process reengineering;
- HR process controls;
- Cost improvement.
- Selection, design and implementation;
- HR Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) implementation management;
Aid to Industry
In this ever changing world where new initiatives are placing ever more demand on professionals, you need to ensure your professionals have the right blend and range of skills to meet those demands. Introducing Aid to Industry (A2I), the specialist management training service of PATS. Through quality training and support, we aim to help you improve the effectiveness of your organisation by enabling your professionals to reach the highest standards of performance.
Founded on our expertise across all industry sectors, we can assist your business managers, with ongoing professional development through a comprehensive suite of professional development training on internal audit, corporate governance, and risk management, to name some.
Third Party Assurance
In today’s business world, most organisations rely on increasingly critical and often complex relationships with third parties. Value creation frequently hinges on the effective management and control of the “extended enterprise” created by these relationships. You have probably realised the need for extending your enterprise to create value – alliances, supplier partnerships, joint ventures, outsourcing – but have your risk management and control frameworks kept pace with this evolution? What assurance do you have that they are working effectively or are even fit for purpose in your extended enterprise?
Organisations are experiencing considerable leakage of value by not effectively managing these relationships. Are your activities fitting snugly with those of your partners or are they leaking value?
Are your alliances, partners, outsourcers, distributors and licensees operating effectively delivering your business objectives? Are your critical business relationships achieving their potential?
Issues may have already arisen about the contractual and operational arrangements that you have. Issues may have emerged in relation to the business protocols that have emerged as the relationship has developed. It may just be that no-one has looked at the relationship recently or in a sufficiently thorough, risk focused way.
Third Party Assurance (3PA) is PATS response in assisting you as you tackle these issues.
We have extensive experience with local and international taxation. We provide a comprehensive solution to individuals and organizations with tax strategy, planning, and compliance, whilst also delivering a wide range of business advisory services with dedicated tax professionals.
We take a holistic view, combining industry insight with the technical skills of financial and tax professionals and our other in-house resources as necessary, to develop comprehensive integrated solutions. We have experience of working with an expansive and diverse client-base comprising all types of businesses — multinationals, local companies, privately-owned organizations, entrepreneurs, family businesses, trusts, partnerships and private individuals.
Tax services include the following:
- Income Tax Advisory and planning
- Refund Claims
- WHT and period filings
- Sales Tax
- Capital Value Tax
- Customs and Federal Excise Tax
- Corporate Taxation
- Non-Resident Taxation
- Personal Taxation
- Specialized Services
In addition we provide specialized services
The salient features of each service are described below:
The objective of our tax services is to deliver integrated solutions that provides most tax efficient structure. PATS thus endeavour to provide total tax minimisation to its diverse client. We also provide business advice tailored to meet the specific needs of individual clients. We suggest doable options always keeping in view the fact that such options should be within the legal framework.
We assist the organisations in devising long-term development plans and to organise their expansions and diversification in a manner to optimise tax burden.
We also offer advice in specialist areas such as international corporate tax, mergers acquisitions, transfer pricing, due diligence; etc.
Compliance with various regulatory provisions of tax laws is often time consuming and cumbersome. In order to satisfy needs of our clients, the firm provides full range of services to suit requirements of any business enterprise, be it in the form of advice or compliance assistance.
Our range of services in the area of corporate taxation includes:
- Preparation and filing of tax returns
- Advisory services on interpretational issues in the tax laws
- Determination of income and chargeability of tax.
- Obtaining exemptions and withholding tax certificates on behalf of clients
- Assisting the client in preparation, review and filing of various statutory statements.
- Compliance services relating to corporate taxation including advance payment of tax
- Assisting the client in preparation of reply of notices issued by various taxation authorities.
- Representations before tax authorities and Federal Board of Revenue
- Representing the clients before appellate forum.
The tax services are also provided to non residents and the partners are capable to handle intricate tax issues involving nonresident taxation. The services include the following:
- Advising nonresident on transactions before these are entered into
- Obtaining Advance Ruling from FBR on tax treatment of any proposed transaction
- The firm is endeavoring to develop competence in preparation & filing of US Tax Returns.
- Advising the tax implications under various Agreements for Avoidance of Double Taxation (Treaties)
- Personal tax services including International Executive Tax Services.
- Advising on tax implications of stock options plans
In order to minimise the risks of default and impact of higher incidence for the high net-worth individuals and to assist the organisation in fulfilling their statutory responsibilities, the firm has developed a range of services, including Compliance services in respect of personal taxation including preparation and filing of income & wealth tax returns and designing appropriate salary structures
Our specialized services encompass the following:
- Researching tax implications of proposed business transactions or of new businesses.
- Assisting in the preparation of and in obtaining various approvals for employee retirement schemes such as Provident Fund, Gratuity Fund and Pension Fund
Indirect Taxation (Sales Tax, Provincial Sales Tax on Services, Customs & Federal Excise)
Over the past few years, the indirect tax net has spread all over the economy, covering almost all sectors of business. Lack of knowledge on the part of tax administrators / tax payers coupled with abrupt changes in law require the provision of timely and effective business advice to help organizations plan and implement the required compliance measures. Our range of services encompasses the following:
- Assisting the clients over the legal matters in the light of Sales Tax Act, 1990, Provincial Sales Tax on Services, Federal Excise Act 2005.
- Handling cases involving interpretation of law, procedures and documentation.
- Supervision and finalization of assignments involving sales tax / excise system evaluation of various corporate entities which includes preparation of audit reports and recommending appropriate control.
- Formulating tax beneficial business strategies.
- Handling shows cause notices and representing the clients before the tax adjudicating authorities.
- Representation before the Inland Revenue Appellate Tribunal and Provincial Appellate Tribunal for Services.
- Replying departmental audit observations on behalf of the clients.
- Handling compliance matters under the Indirect Tax Regime
- Pre-filing audit and preparation of monthly tax returns cum payment challan and refund processing.
PATS Finance professionals provide comprehensive financial advice and execution expertise, encompassing mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, restructurings, private placements, privatizations and equity capital markets to clients ranging from corporations and financial institutions; adding value for our clients throughout all stages of the process.
Critical to our positioning as the financial advisory for our clients, our key strengths are:
- In-depth knowledge and understanding of local markets
- Strong industry sector expertise
- The high caliber of clients with whom we work
- Expertise in highly complex transactions
- Strong relationships with key stakeholders at all stages of the process
Our unparalleled relationships, combined with our extensive understanding of local economies and cultures and our industry sector expertise, help us consistently deliver value-added solutions to our clients, irrespective of the complexity of the transaction.
Financial Consulting services include the following:
- Financial Performance Improvement
- Financial Accounting
- Accounting Valuation
- Advice on Fundraising
- Financial Due Diligence
- Mergers & Acquisitions Advisory
- Project Finance
- Structuring Services
The salient features of each service are described below:
Financial Performance Improvement
We support business leaders in optimizing their structure of their Finance functions thus improving contribution to business. We structure our support to ensure that Finance addresses the challenges of achieving appropriate standards of control, efficient back office opportunities and support to the business through insight and challenge. Recently, the emphasis of Finance has been control and efficiency characterized by a heavy focus on compliance delivered through streamlined back office models. Now, the focus for many has turned to Insight. These three computing priorities will continue to be the challenge for the Finance Function.
- Maintaining compliance and control: Being accountable to the business and to the financial community, CFO’s have put compliance and control to the top of their agenda. For many, responses have been tactical rather than strategic. More deeply embedded and sustainable solutions are now required. Flexibility to response to future regulatory change is also increasingly important.
- Driving efficiency: The pressure to release money, resources and capacity has never been greater. Gains may come from the elimination of redundant activities, consolidations of activities (for example, through shared services), standardisation and automation of processes. These steps have in some instances resulted in cost savings in excess of 50%.
- Providing insight and challenge: Insight takes different forms in different organisations. It involves delivery of an effective performance management framework, understanding the key business drivers and challenging and supporting business decisions around these drivers. Equipping Finance to deliver effective support on these aspects requires tools and capabilities which are often new to the function.
Balancing the tension of these demands means keeping an eye on the details, and envisages how to realize the vision.
With the advancement in International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for many of our clients, financial accounting has become a lot more complicated. And if the past few years are any guide, the future holds more regulations, new requirements, and an increasing compliance burden. As business becomes more global, with new markets opening up seemingly every day, a company’s financial accounting must meet global standards.
For all organisations that need high quality accounting advice, PATS has the breadth and depth of knowledge and technical expertise to help. Our financial accounting and accounting technical advice, guidance, and training help improving the quality of your company’s financial reporting.
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) introduce significant changes to the way that accounts must be prepared and presented, requiring a wider range of assets to be valued on an annual basis.
- IFRS changes the accounting treatment for acquisitions. All assets (tangible and intangible) from a merger or acquisition now have to be included in the balance sheet of the acquirer at their current market value and are depreciated over their useful economic life.
- Goodwill is now tested for impairment annually, and is marked down according to the conclusions of that annual process.
- A range of financial assets now also need to be valued under IFRS, including financial instruments and insurance contracts. IFRS requires share options to be valued as they are charged against the profit and loss account on an annual basis.
- These considerable changes call for specialist valuation services that both understand the specific accounting implications and the wider commercial context in which those accounting valuations will apply.
- PATS valuation services draw on considerable technical and financial specialisation, as well being able to access accounting specialists to deliver integrated advice to our clients.
Financial Due Diligence
All businesses involved in an acquisition, as buyers or sellers, need to ensure that the financial information they hold is as accurate as possible, not only to prevent paying too much (or in a seller’s case receiving too little) but also to ensure that their governance and risk management objectives are met.
- From the buyer’s perspective the quality of information available about a potential acquisition determines the ultimate success of a transaction. Without ensuring that the financial statements about a business reflect the reality, a deal may deliver less than first impressions suggest.
- To ensure an efficient sales process, vendors need to present their financial information to potential buyers as transparently as possible. Independent assessment provides potential buyers with certainty about the business and the nature of its cash flow.
- Financial due-diligence can help to identify and focus attention on the factors in the business that will be critical to its future success.
- Public company boards’ governance responsibilities require them to ensure that all steps possible have been taken to identify any problematic issues in a potential acquisition.
Mergers & Acquisitions Advisory
A merger or acquisition can add considerable value to a business, but making sure that each stage of the transaction process — from valuation to negotiation and completion — is successful demands considerable experience and knowledge.
- Our services are designed to help our clients reach their strategic goals by identifying and then implementing opportunities to merge with or acquire other businesses.
- Many drivers can affect a deal; from regulatory restrictions to tax issues. As the professional services organisation, we can call upon our dedicated specialists to address any specific challenges that may arise.
Funding for large projects (like infrastructure projects) is a complex area, and there are specific challenges involved in creating the appropriate finance structures to manage risks effectively.
- Project finance requires multidisciplinary teams. Economists, engineers, accountants and finance specialist all need to work together to ensure that a project achieves its funding objectives.
- The long-term nature of project funding dictates specialist knowledge of the many different institutions, both local and international that offer financing in this sector.
- Also if you are looking to participate in a Public Private Partnership (PPP), whether you are from the private sector bidding for a government led project, or from the public sector aiming to create an effective partnership.